The vast majority of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia (79%) live in urban areas, including 41% who live in major cities with populations of over 100,000. The fastest-growing Indigenous populations in Australia are in major cities. In South East Queensland, home to Australia’s largest and fastest-growing Indigenous region, the Census count shows a growth in the Indigenous population of 33% between 2011 and 2016, compared to an 18% national Indigenous population growth (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2018).
South East Queensland is home to 11% of Australia’s and 38% of Queensland’s Indigenous population and this population is expected to grow from 85,000 in 2019 to 130,000 by 2031 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2018).
Also, 73% of the disease and injury burden experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and 74% of the Indigenous health gap is in urban areas (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2016).
IUIH contends that there is a need for a more nuanced approach if we are to better understand how to close the gap in health and economic disadvantage for all Indigenous Australians, noting that: